Neuroscience is the study of structures and functions of the nervous system which is a multidisciplinary study of science and has emerged as a popular field of study for scientists and researchers. It has the studies that include the study of cellular, molecular, evolution, development, physiology, anatomy and pharmacology of the nervous system and its behavioral, computational and cognitive neuroscience.
When we observe through the neurological perspective, the important driven force of the human’s performance is within the inner apt understanding of the Human system integration. Our system is designed so well that we have both effector and affecter roles to defend equilibrium and ensuring the survival, which is the major priority whereas, the functioning is on the other end, so the effectors and affecters might not be prime ideal for the functioning.
Taken as an example neurology might affect the capability in displaying power or strength or may affect the capability enduring the delay of the cardiovascular function. Heart and the circulatory system have an important role in brain function based on the health and functional aspects. The brain functions depending on the proper health and function of the heart and circulatory system. Cardiovascular and musculoskeletal function and its work are affected by nutrition and endocrinology. In certain one can state that the multidimensional model for human work is more encompassing than any single factor strategy.
Neuroscience and Its History:
Form the late Middle Kingdom onwards, in Egypt, the brain was removed in the mummification process, as they believed that the heart was the part for the intelligence but not the brain. Hippocrates was the first person, who said that the brain was involved in sensation as it has sense organs like ear, eyes, and tongue and is the seat of intelligence. There are many scientists who have done researches and given many interesting aspects of the brain. With increasing studies on the brain and nervous system, many organizations have come forward to provide a platform for the studies. Today there are many research centers globally.
The application of neuroscience research results has emerged in many applied disciplines such as neuro-ethics, neuroeconomics, neuroeducation, neurolaw and many more.
Performance is a strategy of setting goals and keenly focussing on selectively attending information and keeping it relevant to target the goal achievement. Motivation is biologically built by the balancing of neuro-chemical agents in the brain. The optimal arousal activating the flow state results in super performance but not from stress. The flow is the basis for the immersion and the focussed concentration activating the unique brain wave function.
Physical exercises, nutrition, and quiet deep sleep are important factors contributing to better performance as the brain rejuvenates. Multitasking helps in improvising the attention, memory and leads to high performance.
How is the goal affecting performance?
If we look to set up a goal, we become attentive and try gathering the relevant information subconsciously evaluating to seek the goal-setting information from the environment just like a radar does in collecting any signals. Circumstantially, the brain incorporates only required info and the irrelevant data is inhibited to protect the cognitive overload capacities. Goal setting also influences performance at work. Recent studies show that we feel more satisfied when we reach a set goal and get motivated. Achieving a goal is inspiring and fulfilling while motivation to pursue this is energizing. So, goals are basic to discuss in improving performance with attention, motivation.
When a person is motivated, we trigger a release of neurochemical dopamine, which activates the biological feedback impulsion stating the result of activity done if it is good, enjoyable and rewardable. This helps in triggering the positivity for a better life.
The chemical balances in the neural network are the key factors driving the feelings, responding activity and the situations. Because of the serotonin flow in the hypothalamus triggering the fight/flight response if the threat is near and amygdala, ventral prefrontal cortex if it is distant.
There is significant personal variation as to how we motivate ourselves to reach a goal.
Physical exercise is one of the important factors in improvising the brain function. Exercising helps in good blood circulation in the brain and other benefits. BDNF (Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor) helps in stimulating an increase in neural cells with voluntary physical activity. Exercising helps in neuroplasticity, which improves cognitive performance and learning.
Multi-tasking is a situation where we can concentrate on performing two or more tasks uninterruptedly. This capability is due to the basal ganglia, which is a complex group of subcortical structures helps in storing the life experiences, creates and maintains it. These stores the fail-safe program that runs as autopilot. Our daily tasks are like the recorded programs that do not even require conscious thought to activate. The basal ganglia are like warehouses of stored data, skill, emotion, experience habits are all within. As we can do many of these tasks without any interruption, we call this multitasking. The pre-coral complex is unlike basal ganglia, it can hold only the current information, which is not auto-pilot.
The elements that re-require for boosting up the performance at any place are the challenges that you take, focussing on how to achieve, working as a team with support autonomously.